Lawlessness and ‘jungle raaj’ are two terms widely used in India for States like Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, but it should surprise many to know that that the same terms apply to the Union Territory of Delhi where the control of law and order is in the hands of the Central government.
A look at the data of National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) for 2015 discloses what is not expected – ‘Delhi UT reported the highest crime rate (916.8) under Indian Penal Code (IPC) crimes followed by Kerala (723.2), Madhya Pradesh (348.3), Assam (321.8), Haryana (310.4), Telangana (290.7) and Rajasthan (273.9).’ The names of the two States are conspicuously missing in the data. Even when it comes to cities, the cities of ‘Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Jaipur and Kolkata have accounted for 25.7%, 6.4%, 5.3%, 3.9% and 3.5% of the total IPC crimes reported from 53 mega cities respectively,’ says the report.
Delhi seems to be topping the list of lawlessness and can be termed the capital of crime as per the data with the highest crime rate pegged at 916.8 and accounting for 25.7% of the total IPC crimes reported from 53 mega cities.
Not only this, the highest rate of violent crimes was reported in ‘Delhi UT (97.4) followed by Assam (47.1), Arunachal Pradesh (39.9) and Haryana (37.5) compared to 26.7 at all India level.’
Though law and order is a State subject, but in case of Delhi being a union territory, the responsibility rests with the central government which has been raising fingers at other non-BJP ruled States for lawlessness.
In fact, Madhya Pradesh, where BJP is in power, reported 12.7% (4,391 out of 34,651 cases) of total rape cases reported in the country. Simply Madhya Pradesh can be termed ‘rape State’ of the country.
There is no denying the fact that Uttar Pradesh does not lag behind in crime, more so crime against women with 10.9% (35,527 out of 3,27,394 cases) of total cases of crimes against women followed by West Bengal (10.1%) (33,212 cases) during 2015.
But here again Delhi UT reported the highest crime rate (184.3) compared to the national average rate of 53.9.
Uttar Pradesh (40,613 cases) reported the highest number of cases of violent crimes accounting for 12.1% of total violent crimes in the country (3,305,901 cases) followed by Maharashtra with 11.1% (37,290), Bihar with 10.6% (35,754 cases) and West Bengal with 8.8% (29,461 cases).
The report further states that State-wise comparison revealed the maximum cases of crime against children were reported in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi UT and West Bengal.
These States accounted for Maharashtra- 14.8%, Madhya Pradesh-13.7%, Uttar Pradesh-12.1%, Delhi UT-10.1% and West Bengal-5.3% of total such cases.
An increase of 25.8% in cases of human trafficking was reported during 2015 over 2014. The number of cases of human trafficking in 2015 was 6,877 compared to 5,466 cases in 2014.
Figures indicate that law and order machinery in the National Capital needs to be overhauled, specially after the BJP came to power at the Centre.
There seems to have been an increase in cases of road users openly flouting rules – many two wheeler riders are not bothered to wear the compulsory helmets, more so the women drivers flout this rule with impunity. There is an ever increasing tendency of ‘ghost riders’ or the ones who drive in the wrong lane. There is no check in both the cases. Traffic cops just watch these road users helplessly. Moreover, all cops are not authorised to check or challan the ‘wrongdoers,’ it is only the authorised ASI or SI who carries the booklet to issue challans.
It is largely the police force to blame for rising crime and deteriorating law and order. If these same cops can provide security cover to VIPs, why can’t they do the same for the common man on the street? ——-Amit Mittal—-