On 16 December, 2016 Kazakhstan celebrated the 25th Anniversary of its Independence. Just in a quarter of the century, Kazakhstan succeeded as a sovereign national economy with solid global economic ties, and as a state, which has become a full-fledged member of the World Family of Nations.
Kazakhstan gained its independence in a time of crisis, and the first decade was the most difficult period of its formation: production ties had been cut as well as production lines had been stopped, people had lost their jobs and livelihoods. So many things had to start from a scratch in independent Kazakhstan.
The main objective was to minimize the period of its implementation. And it was implemented successfully.
At that time, the adopted strategic decisions and actions played an important role in country’s development. Such as the large-scale privatization, the formation of a new legislation, the establishment of financial and banking systems, the implementation of economic and political reforms, as a result our economy has received a large number of foreign investments, the construction of the new capital – Astana, the opening of the Caspian Pipeline Consortium, the adoption of the Strategy “Kazakhstan-2030 ” and the implementation of the two anti-crisis plans.
At this time of global crisis, Kazakhstan for the first time uses a proactive anti-crisis strategy.
We started the second five-year plan of industrial innovative development, the State program of infrastructure development “Nurly Zhol” was adopted and “Plan of the Nation. One hundred concrete steps to implement the 5 institutional reforms” is currently under realization. Beside these, government is eliminating administrative barriers for the small and medium-sized businesses, improving public administration, education and health.
Due to timely measures and verified political and economic strategy, Kazakhstan was ranked 42 in the world in the Global Competitiveness Report of the World Economic Forum. The accumulated potential investment rose from 5 per cent of GDP of Kazakhstan in 1993 to 65 per cent in 2015. According to the human development index Kazakhstan is equal to Russia, but ahead of Turkey and some of the Middle and Far East countries.
As a result of balanced foreign policy, Kazakhstan has the reputation of a responsible actor in the international relations, acting with a positive and constructive agenda. The contribution of Kazakhstan in strengthening of the global and regional stability should be emphasized. In particular, the recognition of the country’s international achievements were the holding of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Summit in Astana and the election of Kazakhstan as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for 2017-2018 years. The Republic of Kazakhstan is the leader in the process of nuclear non-proliferation, the initiator and ideologist of the Eurasian integration, as well as significant initiatives such as the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA), the Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions.
After declaring Kazakhstan as an independent country on 16 December, 1991, the Kazakh-Indian relations began to develop steadily and gained sustainability. The first foreign visit of Nazarbayev as the President of Kazakhstan was made to India on 22 February, 1992. This day can be rightfully called historic date of Kazakh-Indian relations as in the course of this visit, the diplomatic relations were established between the two countries.
Both governments have regular meetings at all levels which indicates dynamic development of bilateral cooperation. The President of Kazakhstan visited India in 1992, 1996, 2002 and 2009, when the four Indian Prime Ministers returned their official visits – P. V. Narasimha Rao in 1993, Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 2002, Manmohan Singh in 2011 and Narendra Modi in 2015.
2015 year was particularly successful period in bilateral relations. On 7 July, 2015, Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, accompanied by a group of businessmen and industrialists visited Kazakhstan on an official visit, which gave the Kazakh-Indian relations corresponding dynamism. During the visit, the Business Forum with the participation of leading businessmen of both countries was held in Astana. The outcome of the forum was establishment of the Joint Business Council and signing of the joint “Road Map”.
At present, Kazakhstan and India share common views on global and regional processes, collaborate in important spheres of multilateral diplomacy. We have consistently supported the Delhi policy in its aspiration to obtain a permanent seat in UN Security Council, as well as in the issue of obtaining full membership in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). India supported the candidacy of Kazakhstan for a non-permanent UN Security Council member for 2017-2018 and confirmed the country’s participation in EXPO 2017 which is going to be held in Astana from June to September 2017. Also, India actively participates in the activities of the Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions and the CICA. All these became an important factor in the deepening of interstate dialogue.
25 years of Independent Kazakhstan is the successful story in the development of a strong State, a stable economy and a free society. The 25 years of experience of the diplomatic relations between Kazakhstan and India show the right chosen direction of development of bilateral cooperation, which gives the confidence that these relations will continue to develop in the friendly way and on mutually beneficial basis.
Ambassador of the Republic of Kazakhstan
in the Republic of India